The market is now pulling back after earlier buying of bank and Telstra shares pushed the benchmark index higher.

The S&P/ASX200 Index fell 3.844, or 0.1 per cent, to 4,665.30 at 1322 AEST after investors sought stocks that offered yield such as banks and telecommunication companies, and sold mining stocks amid expectations the Chinese economy is spluttering.

The benchmark index had in earlier trade fallen as much as 0.3 per cent, only to rise at midday as much as 0.4 per cent. The index has lost 11 per cent since its 52-week high of 5,220.987 on May 14.

Shares in ANZ Bank rose 19 cents, or 0.7 per cent, to $27.57 at 1322 AEST. Commonwealth Bank added 45 cents, or 0.7 per cent, to $66.19, while National Australia Bank gained 3 cents, or 0.1 per cent, to $28.71. Westpac increased 22 cents, or 0.8 per cent, to $27.77.

“The market is down about 500 points so that’s prompted some to search for yield,” says Matt Sherwood, the strategist at fund manager Perpetual. Australia’s four biggest banks plan to pay as much as 80 per cent of their net profits out in dividends while their franchises aren’t immediately threatened by competition or a bad credit cycle.

Bank shares have also fallen further than the index’s drop in percentage terms in recent weeks, perhaps making them good buys in the eyes of some investors. Westpac shares are down 18 per cent from a 52-week high of $34.06 on May 1. NAB’s stock has dropped 16 per cent since its 52-week high of $34 on April 30. And Commonwealth Bank shares have slid 9.9 per cent since their 52-week high on May 20 of $73.49. Meanwhile, ANZ Bank’s stock has slipped 13 per cent from its 52-week high of $31.84 on April 30.

Telstra shares, which have fallen 12 per cent from its May 22 52-week high of $5.14, had gained 2.5 cents, or 0.6 per cent, to $4.525 at 1322 AEST.

Mining stocks dropped on concerns about financial instability in China and slowing growth in the world’s second-largest economy. China buys the bulk of Australia’s iron ore. The spot price for iron ore imported through the north-east Chinese port of Tianjin fell yesterday from Friday by $US2.91, or 2.5 per cent, to $US112.17 a tonne. BHP fell 48 cents, or 1.5 per cent, to $30.87 at 1322 AEST while Rio Tinto dropped $1.01, or 2 per cent, to $50.53.

Aggregate demand is falling in China while the country’s new leadership, led by President Xi Jinping and Premier Li Keqiang, seems less pro growth, says Morgan Stanley Wealth Management strategist Malcolm Wood. Wood describes the doubling in China’s overnight repurchase rate to 6.47 per cent this year from last as a “self-induced credit crunch in China”.

“If China has a recession, all bets are off,” says Wood. “It’s going to be pretty hard to hide if our major trading partner has a set-back”.

The Reserve Bank of Australia can cut its benchmark cash rate, currently 2.75 per cent, a luxury few other central banks have. But rate cuts may mean very little if China’s economy slumps. Australian company earnings, especially in the mining sector, would suffer a meltdown. 

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