Labor has returned the right to choose frontbenchers to the caucus but yesterday's results show that whether it rests with the leader or parliamentary party, the party’s factions remain at the heart of the process.
At the caucus meeting everyone who stood for the shadow ministry was elected. And no one ran for it who had not been put up by the right or left faction, except Andrew Leigh – and he had been given the nod to get the one spot set aside for an independent.
There was one contest – for the position of chief whip. Anna Burke, the former speaker, lost to Chris Hayes, and immediately (and not for the first time) lashed out at factional stitch-ups (Labor is amusing us all to death, October 15).
“Having left a room where I must admit the bulk of people … didn’t vote for me … not on the basis of merit or perceived capability but on the numbers and the deals done beforehand, one has to question the newly-found 'democracy' in the Labor party, and the notion that we all have a say,“ she wrote for Guardian Australia.
“The current outcome of the shadow ministry reflects an immediate reversion to the ‘faceless men’ being firmly in control … Caucus voted on factional lines for the leadership and then sub-factional lines for executive positions.”
Burke has also turned it into a gender issue, saying it looked like a “couple of blokes” sitting round carving up the spoils, with the right putting up hardly any women, and none from Victoria.
At the start of his campaign for the top job Bill Shorten nominated former health minister Tanya Plibersek as his preferred deputy; predictably she was unopposed.
Plibersek is a good choice. From the left, she is articulate and an impressive television performer; her experience in cabinet should have given her a grasp of issues across the board. She’s the woman Julia Gillard indicated (in a post-election interview) that she would like to see as leader one day.
There are two women in the four-person leadership team (and 11 in the shadow ministry), with Penny Wong retaining the position of Labor leader in the Senate.
But a third woman, Victorian right senator Jacinta Collins, who was previously deputy leader in the Senate, has fallen victim to former communications minister Stephen Conroy, who had the weight in the Victorian right.
Conroy, who was Senate leader when Gillard was overthrown, quit the frontbench then. He and Shorten fell out bitterly over Shorten’s desertion of Gillard. But mutual aspiration reunited the factional brothers, and Conroy threw every effort into helping Shorten get elected.
The right gave each state its shadow ministry allocation, which meant that if Conroy were to be accommodated, one of Mark Dreyfus, David Feeney or Jacinta Collins had to go. Former attorney-general Dreyfus was considered too good; Feeney too powerful. That left Collins, even though in formal terms at the end of the government she was the most senior of the trio. So the woman who had had an extraordinary ride up the escalator in the last days of the Labor government has gone down just as rapidly.
In the ultimate measure of factionalism, South Australian right powerbroker Don Farrell remains on the frontbench even though he will lose his Senate seat from mid-next year (although there is talk of pushing another senator out so he can survive).
Labor’s shadow ministry differs only marginally from its old frontbench at election time, perhaps not surprising given the loss of many seats. There are half a dozen newcomers (some of whom had been parliamentary secretaries): Feeney, Doug Cameron, Andrew Leigh, Shayne Neumann, Claire Moore and Michelle Rowland.
Leigh, briefly a parliamentary secretary under Julia Gillard, is a talented economist; Rowland (from the right) got a swing in her western Sydney seat, courtesy of the appalling performance of Liberal candidate Jaymes Diaz.
Warren Snowdon and Kate Lundy, junior ministers in the Labor government, did not make it onto the left ticket. They both bucked the left line and voted for Shorten rather than Anthony Albanese. They were among nine who did – which cost Albanese the leadership.
Leftwinger Laurie Ferguson (who voted for Shorten) tweeted that Lundy was victim of “collateral payback”. But other left sources say it was not "ratting” that cost the pair places. Within the left, there were twice as many wanting positions as there were spaces in the left allocation.
It’s the leader’s right to appoint the shadow parliamentary secretaries, although these positions have also been part of the wider negotiations. This level is a 'nursery' for the more senior positions, so Shorten needs to load as much talent into it as possible.
Shorten will announce his distribution of portfolios late in the week; he can’t afford to put the wrong people in key jobs because underperformers would hold him back and trying to shuffle them later can end up a difficult and politically costly exercise.