Here is what we know so far about likely budget recommendations, based on media reports.
The age pension will be scaled back by keeping Australians at work until they are 70. The change - to take effect in 2035 - has been locked in to the federal budget and will raise the pension age for all Australians currently aged under 50.
Treasurer Joe Hockey said the reform would take effect “in 21 years’ time” and insisted there would be no change to the pension in the current term of parliament.
Pension age to rise to 70 in 2035 - The Australian.
Paid parental leave
The scheme will be implemented in July 2015 and the threshold will be cut from $150,000 to $100,000, to bring it in line with Abbott’s new welfare limit. The cost of the scheme is estimated to be $5.5 billion.
Parental scheme remains in doubt - Business Spectator
The Clean Energy Finance Corporation is to be abolished, but should not be confused with the Clean Energy Regulator. Also, the Renewable Energy Target scheme is to stay.
Audit says slash clean energy regulator - Business Spectator
Infrastructure spending with states
A deal that the federal government would top up any money the states raise through privatisations that will be recycled into new infrastructure, with an extra 15 per cent. The rumoured cost estimate is $10 billion.
Healthcare and infrastructure spending tearing the budget apart - The Australian
Lower company tax rate
The company tax rate will be cut from the from current 30 per cent to 28.5 per cent. The cost to the budget is estimated at a total of $4 billion.
PM protects company tax cut - Business Spectator
LIKELY, BUT STILL ONLY SPECULATIVE
A five-year 1 per cent income tax hike on Australians earning over $150,000 would affect 7 per cent of taxpayers or around 650,000 people. It is expected to raise $700 million a year. Current top income tax rate is 45c in the dollar over $180,000 (for 2013-14) plus medicare levy of 1.5 per cent.
A worker earning $200,000 will be hit with an extra $500 a year or $9.60 a week.
A worker earning $400,000 will pay $2500 extra tax, or $48 more a week.
Privatisation of Medibank Private and potential privatisation of Australia Post. Combined with sale of other Commonwealth and state assets, could reap up to several billion dollars.
Following on from other recommendations from the Commission of Audit, the government will also look to privatise more government assets including the Australian Mint and Defence Housing Australia (DHA).
The work-for-the-dole scheme to be built back up over several years, and tighter rules will be implemented for benefits for under-30s.
Government to expand work for the dole: Report - Business Spectator
Learn or Earn
New “learn or earn” rules that will deprive all people younger than 25 from receiving the general unemployment payment and push them onto the lower-paying Youth Allowance.
No dole before 25, youth will have to earn or learn - The Australian.
The government has repeatedly expressed concerns about the way the NDIS has been set up and its funding.
Mr Hockey said "If we don't get on top of the proper management of the NDIS, not only would it not be sustainable, but it could end up as big a farce as the pink batts program or the $900 test program.”
Medicare and GP visits
Medicare in its present incarnation would cease, with bulk billing scrapped and those earning over $88,000 denied benefits.
Families and general consumers would pay $6 or $7.50 to see a doctor, have a blood test or x-ray.
$6 hit for bulk-bill GP visits in budget - The Australian
Up to 70 government agencies, including the Australian Renewable Energy Agency (ARENA) and the National Water Commission are set to be chopped, in a move that will save $470 million over two years.
Other agencies, like the National Gallery and the National Library will be expected to streamline and combine their backend operations.
Axe to fall on 70 federal agencies – The Australian
Public sector job cuts
The Australian Tax Office is tipped shed up to 3000 jobs between now and October as part of the Abbott government plan to reduce the size of the public service.
Joe Hockey swings the axe on the public sector – The Australian
MP wage freeze
The wages of senior public servants, heads of government and politicians will be frozen for one year.
Without the freeze, federal MPs were in line for a pay rise that could have given them 10 times the amount they paid under the deficit levy.
Tony Abbott puts the freeze on MPs pay rise – The Australian
Fewer benefits for retired politicians
Introduction of a public benefit test, no more spousal travel, limit on the number of trips ex-MPs can take.
Razor gang cuts the pollies gold pass - The Australian
The ABC’s Australian Network will be cut, saving the budget around $233 million.
$233 million Australia Network to be axed in budget – The Australian
Screen Australia funding
Government anticipated to halve the funding for Screen Australia, merging it with Australian Council for the Arts.
Screen Australia cuts would ‘decimate’ film industry, says Emile Sherman - The Australian
Hundreds of civilian job cuts in the Defence Department, and the closure of the Military Superannuation and Benefits Scheme. The plan will save billions over the long term but cost the budget about $400 million in the first four years alone, because the government must start making contributions to a new standard accumulation scheme for the military.
Military super to get the boot - Business Spectator
The fuel excise could be raised by 3 cents a litre. The excise has stood at 38.1 cents per litre since the Howard government scrapped indexation again the consumer price index. The measure is expected to raise $1 billion per year.
Treasurer Joe Hockey says that if the government raises the excise, the $3 billion it is expected to raise from the tax will be put towards road projects.
Deficit levy locked in, fuel excise rise in frame - The Australian
Ethanol subsidy cut
The $150 million annual subsidy to ethanol producers is set to be scrapped but a compromise has been struck to protect the local product in the aftermath by making it permanently cheaper than imports.
Ethanol production subsidy to be scrapped - Business Spectator
Have we missed anything? Leave us a comment with a link and we’ll add it into the list.