Week in Review: July 27, 2018
Some good news on trade.
Investment markets and key developments over the past week
- Share markets pushed higher over the last week helped by good US earnings news and a US/European trade “agreement”. Despite disappointing results from Facebook and Twitter hitting tech stocks US shares rose 0.6 per cent, Eurozone shares rose 1.7 per cent, Japanese shares rose 0.1 per cent, Australian shares rose 0.2 per cent and Chinese shares gained 0.8 per cent helped by stimulus talk. Speculation the Bank of Japan may review its easy monetary policy (which I suspect is overdone) along with the “risk on” tone generally also helped push up bond yields. While oil prices fell, metal and iron ore prices rose but a slight rise in the $US and slightly softer inflation data saw the $A fall.
- At last some good news on trade with the US and the European Union agreeing to work towards resolving their differences on trade and hopefully head off a trade war between them. At this stage it's only a deal to start negotiating, the negotiations will have a long way to go and don't forget that China and the US had a “trade war on hold” deal back in May that got trashed a week later. So it's too early to break out the champagne. However, it shows that Trump is not anti-trade per se and does actually want zero trade barriers, it's a big move in the right direction and it will probably be easier for the US and the EU to work through their differences as they start with similar average effective tariff rates and US gripes with Europe don't run so deep. Having started down this path there is a reasonably good chance of success leading to the removal of the auto tariff threat and the reversal of the steel, aluminium tariffs. No US/EU trade war would significantly reduce the trade threat to global growth. After “wins” in relation to North Korea and Europe, Trump will no doubt see vindication of his “maximum pressure” negotiating stance – which will embolden him to continue with his tough trade stance on China.
- Speaking of which, there is still no sign of negotiations with China on trade and China's non-approval of US chipmaker Qualcomm's bid for its rival NXP (well at least so far) may signal that China is digging in further. To counter the trade threat, China's shift to policy stimulus is continuing with a shift to “more proactive” fiscal policy with a focus on tax cuts, and infrastructure investment. Don't expect a mega stimulus like seen in the past (there is no need) but combined with monetary stimulus the authorities are clearly determined to support growth. This is a positive for Chinese shares after their 24 per cent fall and a forward PE of just 10.7 times.
- Middle East tensions hotting up again – upside risk to petrol prices. President Trump's tweet threatening Iran that it “will suffer consequences the likes of which few throughout history have ever seen before” if it threatens the US again highlights that tensions between the US and Iran are hotting up again. Attacks on Saudi tankers by Yemeni militia are arguably reflective of this. Of course, it's worth recalling that Trump also threatened North Korea with “fire and fury” and that much of this is bluster aimed at applying “maximum pressure” to get what he wants. It may be a bit harder with Iran though, so the risk of tensions in with Iran – eg threats to close the Strait of Hormuz – at a time of constrained global oil supply pose upside risks to oil prices. This will be good for energy stocks, but not so good for Australian motorists given the risk of another up leg in petrol prices beyond their recent high averaging around $1.53.
- Another round of US tax reform on the way, but don't get too excited. The US House of Reps looks like having a vote on more tax reform, the main item of which will likely be to make permanent the personal tax cuts beyond their 2025 expiry. It has little chance of passing into law before the mid-terms but is an election sweetener for the Republicans.
- If you want to see an example of the downside of momentum investing which can get amplified in passive funds, just look at Facebook. While tech stocks are nowhere near the bubble they were in 2000 (their PE is around 27x versus around 100x at the tech boom peak) they have been huge beneficiaries of the easy money environment of recent years meaning a passive investor will have seen a steady increase in exposure to them which is all good when momentum is your friend but when it turns it can turn quickly as Facebook did falling more than 20 per cent in a flash on Thursday.
Major global economic events and implications
- US economic dats remains solid. After the usual soft March quarter GDP growth rebounded to 4.1 per cent annualised in the June quarter driven by consumer spending, investment and trade. Home sales fell in June, but home prices are continuing to rise, the July Markit PMI remains strong, capex orders are rising and jobless claims are ultra-low.
- Despite disappointing revenue results at Facebook, US June quarter earnings reports remain very strong. Of the 263 S&P 500 results so far 88 per cent have beaten on earnings with an average beat of 5.1 per cent and 73 per cent have beaten on sales. Earnings look to be up around 26 per cent year on year.
- As expected the ECB made no changes in monetary policy and anticipates keeping rates unchanged at least until September 2019. We don't see an ECB rate hike until 2020. Meanwhile, Eurozone business conditions gave up some of their June bounce, but they remain strong.
- In contrast to the US and Europe, Japan's manufacturing conditions PMI in July fell to its lowest since November 2016. It's still consistent with modest growth but suggests a greater sensitivity to trade fears than in the US and Europe.
Australian economic events and implications
- Australian inflation remains subdued, no early rate hike in sight. June quarter inflation data confirmed yet again that price growth is only running around the low end of the RBA's 2-3 per cent target band. Core (ex food and energy) inflation is just 1.6 per cent. And were it not for more rapid price rises for government administered or affected items like tobacco, health, utilities and education along with petrol, inflation would be running closer to 1 per cent. There are no signs of any significant near term rise in underlying inflation pressures, particularly with subdued wages growth, competition and technological innovation remaining intense and producer price inflation running at just 1.5 per cent. The risk is that the longer inflation stays at or below the low end of the target range the harder it will be to get it up as low inflation expectations are becoming entrenched. As such, we remain of the view that the RBA won't raise interest rates until 2020 at the earliest and the next move being a rate cut cannot be ruled out.
- Meanwhile falling skilled job vacancies add to signs from other jobs leading indicators that employment growth may slow a bit.
Shane Oliver is the Chief Economist at AMP Capital
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