When market is afloat with more risk than a boy can bear

AS VOLUMES dwindle and interest in the stockmarket is progressively eroded by a market that doesn't trend, the promise of "long-term" growth is proving to be little more than an out of fashion misplaced optimism that is costing people money.

AS VOLUMES dwindle and interest in the stockmarket is progressively eroded by a market that doesn't trend, the promise of "long-term" growth is proving to be little more than an out of fashion misplaced optimism that is costing people money.

HMAS Set & Forget sank in 2007, along with HMAS Patience. We can't be waiting for purist ideas about value being reflected in the share price if it's going to take 20 years. We can't afford to be blindly optimistic in a market that has fallen 9.6 per cent a year for five years not until a reliable long-term trend returns. Until that day, until the tide starts to lift all boats again, including HMS Buy & Hold, you have to ask, just what are we going to do in a bear market?

Thankfully, for those of us that have been there before there is a well-worn pattern that involves the following steps. Stop losing money (we dealt with that last week). Trade, don't invest. Focus on stocks, not "the market". Take profits more often (because they won't last) or sell everything and stand on the shore rather than ride it out on the stormy sea.

But not all of us want to stand on the shore. Not all of us want to be risk free and as the rewards for being risk free become less and less interesting, we need something else to do while we wait for the bottom. Some of us want to take some risk, some of us want to try to make money. But the problem that constrains 90 per cent of us is that all we know is how to go long equities. But in a market that is falling, or ranging at best, the odds of picking a winner have gone from 85 per cent in the bull market (15 per cent of the ASX 200 went down in 2007) to 38 per cent in the current market (62 per cent of the ASX 200 went down in the past year). It is no longer easy to make money simply going long equities. So what else can we do?

The plain vanilla answer is learn to go short, something you can do through CFDs. But the truth is that most long-only investors would rather put their hand in a bucket of piranhas than open a leveraged derivatives account without really knowing what they are doing. Forex is another incarnation of CFDs and, quite honestly, what edge can you possibly have over the other millions of traders many of whom do it all day with a lot more understanding.

The other option is options, but the report from the options market is that liquidity has become an issue in a quiet market and even the plain vanilla call writers over existing holdings are finding it tough to pick up a premium that matches the risk that they take.

Then there are listed investment companies, akin to managed funds, which come in a variety of flavours/specialities the advantage of which is that they can be traded on the ASX like any other share.

And then there are Exchange Traded Funds and Exchange Traded Commodities and it is here you might find some amusement. There are now more than 60 ETFs and ETCs listed on the market and a number of ETF providers.

The issuers include Betashares, which has just launched a "bear" ETF that allows you to buy an ETF and effectively short the ASX 200 in doing so, and other players including iShares, Vanguard, State Street SPDRs, EFT Securities, and Russell Investments. See their websites for their products. You will find you can trade in indices, individual ASX sectors, commodity price ETFs and currencies. And then there are a host of more imaginative ETFs designed to suit the times, including at least three high-income/high-dividend select funds, bond ETFs, and there's even one that represents cash.

Some are "conventional" and some "synthetic". There are different risks with each one. Liquidity is often an issue, although some are so highly traded there is no issue.

It's all on the ASX website. The good thing about ETFs is that they trade in the same way as any other shares on the ASX. So you don't have to change anything just find out their codes and what they represent. It'll make a change from waiting for a bull market. Not everything is on the equity cycle. Have fun.