To the labour ward in a Roller
Tony Abbott is putting his body on the line for a generous paid maternity leave policy that no one seems to like.
Tony Abbott is putting his body on the line for a generous paid maternity leave policy that no one seems to like. Tony Abbott is putting his body on the line for a generous paid maternity leave policy that no one seems to like.His colleagues are aghast, business is up in arms, the welfare lobby is opposed, and it is hard to find women who support it either. Even the sisterhood is against him.The notion his is a "Rolls-Royce" scheme that gives greatest benefits to well-off women dominates public discussion. It is enough to condemn it in everyone's eyes.Yet Abbott's maternity leave scheme is defensible. It is not perfect and suffers technical weaknesses in its design. But it's better than Labor's. Indeed it is the second most generous scheme of 28 countries in the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development.Did he even realise he was proposing above-Scandinavian levels of generosity when he proposed a 100 per cent wage replacement rate? It's not often we're up there with the Swedes, Danes and Norwegians. A year ago, we had nothing.And unlike Labor's scheme which started in January last year, it is not funded out of general revenue but from a levy of 1.5 per cent on the nation's 3000 or so biggest companies. It positions maternity leave as a workplace policy, not welfare. This is as it should be because it is normal for women workers to need time off and sustained wages when they have babies.If Labor were proposing such a pro-working women social policy, the Coalition would be howling but the sisterhood would surely be ecstatic. Why shouldn't ordinary Australian women workers get a first-rate maternity leave policy instead of the stingy one delivered by Labor that we'll be stuck with for aeons? Any woman who earns more than the minimum wage will get more under Abbott's scheme, and no woman will get less. Superannuation will be paid under Abbott's scheme but not Labor's. And they'll get six months paid leave, not 18 weeks.In terms of time off for parents, as distinct from mothers, it's not as good as the Swedes, for example, who provide up to 480 days parental leave, some of it at 80 per cent wage replacement rate, providing fathers also take 12 weeks off.Abbott has proved a terrible salesman. He is an extreme social conservative in a conservative party proposing a radical feminist policy. He lacks credibility.He has failed to convince the left and right that his scheme is akin to workers' compensation or sick leave, where people are paid a replacement wage. Women should not suffer a wage penalty relative to men.He has failed to make the case that in Australia, more than most places, couples are reliant on two incomes given astronomical housing prices and rents.On top of his credibility problem, he has failed to provide the supporting data that might counter the most telling criticism, that its main beneficiaries are the well-off.l have turned to Professor Peter Whiteford, of the Social Policy Research Centre, to try to better understand the Coalition's policy. Whiteford is one of Australia's pre-eminent social policy analysts, with a background at the OECD in Paris.Whiteford is no fan of Abbott's scheme and wonders if we need to go from the bottom of the OECD leagues table on generosity to near the top in one bound.But his rough analysis shows that under Labor's scheme, which pays all eligible women the minimum wage of about $580 a week for18 weeks, women on average earnings receive the second lowest paid maternity leave in the OECD. Low-paid women on about $30,000 before tax now get the ninth highest maternity leave pay of the 28 comparable countries.Abbott's scheme, which pays women a full replacement wage for six months (up to a maximum salary of $150,000), means almost all women, including those on average earnings, would receive the second-highest maternity leave pay, in terms of replacement salary, along with Poland, Estonia, Slovenia and Luxembourg.For those earning $150,000, it is true the maternity pay of $75,000 would represent virtually the most generous salary replacement rate in the world, Whiteford says. But only 200,000 women out of 4.5 million female employees earn more than $90,000. Many of them are older women with grown children. In other words, few women would qualify for the $75,000 that is the butt of so much criticism of Abbott's scheme.On the other hand, more than 3 million women earn above the minimum wage and stand to be better off under Abbott's scheme 1.5 million earn less and would be no worse off than under Labor's scheme.Whiteford's rough analysis - which covers all women, not just those of child-bearing age - is no substitute for the detailed breakdown the Coalition should provide to illuminate the distributional impact of its scheme.Maybe Australian women don't need a first-class paid maternity leave scheme when the unemployed subsist on $243 a week, or when an employer levy might better be put towards the national disability insurance scheme.But given Abbott has virtually signed a blood oath to introduce the scheme, Australia looks set to get Rolls-Royce paid maternity leave should Abbott prevail in the next election.How bizarre is Australian politics that one of the most socially conservative politicians in recent times should champion such a generous scheme for women, especially since his poor salesmanship means no one seems to want or appreciate it.
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