Apple’s products are globally consistent. They sell the same exact product in all countries. An unlocked iPhone is the same everywhere. It makes the products “liquid” in that they can be easily bought and sold across borders.
However, laws do not permit the import and friction-free trading of electronic products. In addition to regulations there are duties levied and there are sales or consumption taxes levied on the purchase.
The question is, does knowing the retail price of an Apple product in a particular location, and knowing the tax and duties levied help us work out if the price is consistent?
Here is an example:
I illustrated the price of a basket of Apple products in the US online Apple store in blue and the same products in the Finnish online Apple store where the prices were converted to US dollars in yellow. I also calculated what the price in Finland “should” be if the products were sold with the known Value Added Tax (VAT) of 23 per cent added. I called this “Finland (expected)” price and it’s shown in green.
I then took the difference between the “expected” and actual prices as a fraction of the expected and called that the “surcharge”. The surcharge can be interpreted as “how much more does a buyer in a different country pay over the price in the US (excluding US sales tax) plus VAT and duties.”
What the chart shows is that not all Apple products are treated equally by Apple. In this particular case Apple TV and the iPad are “overpriced” significantly. Interestingly, the iPhones are nearly what would be “expected” price.
It gets curiouser when comparing with other countries. In this case I compare the same basket in Brazil.
Here the story is reversed. The iPads are cheaper than one would expect while the iPhones, especially the 4S, are more expensive, though not by as much as the iPads are in Finland.
Why is this? The simple answer is I don’t know, but would love to hear what Australian readers have to say about this.
The prices for the devices are set by Apple though they may be influenced by operator deals they have locally or other terms. It would require local knowledge of the market to solve this.
What would also be instructive, I believe, is to collect data from many more countries and you can help by providing the following data for each of the products in this list,
iPhone 4S 16
iPhone 4S 32
iPhone 4S 64
iPod Touch 8
iPad 2 16 Wifi
iPad 2 32 Wifi
iPad 2 64 Wifi
MB Air 11:
MB Pro 13
Provide the retail prices (preferably from an online store) and the local VAT, that’s GST in Australia, or duty that is expected for electronic products (enter data here.) You can provide the prices in local currency.
Armed with this information, we can then try to put a global picture together and understand the reason for the price differences across borders.
Horace Dediu is founder and managing director of Asymco, a Helsinki-based app developer/industry analysis advisory firm. You can find his blog here.