Is the golden age coming to an end?
Investors are split about which way the price of the precious metal is going to go, writes Emma Rowley.
'Some of the mugs have taken extreme bets on a falling gold price," says one precious metal retailer. "Never have the money managers become so convinced that gold is about to fall heavily."
It could actually mean that the gold price is about to rise strongly "as they must buy back these positions", he argues. So runs the logic among those with a tendency to dangle every piece of news, good or bad, in front of customers as an incentive to buy the precious metal.
Still, even the most bullish gold investors would have to admit that now may not be the best time to be buying the metal, as economic optimism in the US rises and concerns about the eurozone recede.
Speculation that the US Federal Reserve might scale back its monetary easing efforts earlier than expected have further weakened demand for the "safe haven" metal.
The gold price is now down 5 per cent this year to $US1582 an ounce. Talk among investors is that this year may mark the end of its spectacular 12-year bull run.
More people are moving to the camp of Warren Buffett, the investor behind the Berkshire Hathaway conglomerate, who has long shunned gold.
"You can fondle it, you can polish it, you can stare at it," he once told shareholders. "I'd bet on a good producing business to outperform something that doesn't do anything." It is a sentiment becoming increasingly evident as investors pile into the stockmarket.
Wall Street set a fresh record on Friday, with the Dow Jones topping the 14,410-mark on the back of better-than-expected jobs figures. In London, the FTSE 100 closed at 6483.58, its highest since December 2007.
Not all are convinced by the strength of the rally. Jeremy Grantham, the investment manager who takes a dim view of the US's economic prospects, warned in his latest circular that many assets are "once again brutally overpriced".
The research team at Grantham's $US106 billion GMO fund has ranked timber as the number one asset class for expected returns over the next seven years.
One investor keeping the faith amid all this is John Paulson, the hedge fund manager who became a billionaire by betting against subprime mortgages before the financial crisis swept around the world.
His gold fund, which holds about $US800 million of equities and derivatives related to the metal, is down 25 per cent this year. With Paulson's own money thought to account for at least half of the fund, he has major personal exposure.
Stick with us, his investors were urged in a letter last week. "Despite the volatility and drawdown of our gold equity positions, we believe in the long-term outlook for these positions as quantitative easing programs continue around the world, credit expands in the United States, and gold equities continue to trade at a significant discount," it read.
In contrast, another billionaire investor, George Soros, has been reducing his exposure to gold. Two years ago, Soros called gold "the ultimate asset bubble". He now sees the risk of it bursting, it seems.
The gold price is volatile, with everything from hints of central bank easing to changing jewellery demand in India, shifting the price.
As sentiment has turned more bearish, a note from Goldman Sachs grabbed attention. The bank cut its forecast for the gold price this year to $US1600 an ounce from $US1810, and predicted that next year the price will be $US1450.
"The turn in the gold cycle has likely already started," the bank warned, pointing to "a quickly waning conviction in holding gold positions".
But there is no consensus. Bank of America Merrill Lynch expects gold prices to rise strongly next year to an average of $US1838 an ounce, although it sees prices turning lower in 2015.
Capital Economics, the UK consultancy, says gold will reach a record $US2000 later this year, warning that the eurozone will flare up again and the rally in equity markets may run out of steam.
If the price rises, investors would soon be heading back in, argues Ross Strachan, Capital's commodities analyst. But he notes: "There is an inherent difficulty in valuing gold - it's much trickier than for almost any asset you care to name."
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