China to ease free trade zone rules
China plans to suspend some laws on foreign investment in proposed new free trade zones, including Shanghai, as part of Premier Li Keqiang's drive to open up the economy to sustain growth.
The changes will provide "innovative" ways of opening up the economy, remove unnecessary administration and help transform the state's role in the economy, according to a statement from the State Council on Saturday after a meeting led by Mr Li.
China is boosting efforts to attract foreign companies after investment from abroad fell last year for the first time since the global financial crisis.
Free trade zones that will be allowed to cut bureaucracy and test financial liberalisation may offer incentives that help the government maintain economic growth of at least 7 per cent a year as the export and investment-led model of expansion runs out of steam.
"The Chinese government knows that having foreign investment is a very good thing and it wants this to be an attractive market for strategic and financial investors," the managing director for Greater China and North Asia for risk consulting firm Control Risks, Kent Kedl, said.
"Many foreign investors are concerned about the bureaucracy and lack of clarity around regulations. That's probably the biggest concern when they come to China," he said.
Foreign direct investment in China fell 3.7 per cent last year to $US111.7 billion ($121 billion) from a record $US116 billion in 2011, government data shows. Investment rose 4.9 per cent in the first half of this year to $US62 billion.
The American Chamber of Commerce in China has urged the government to open more industries to overseas investors and improve the climate for foreigners. A European Union business group has warned that optimism is declining and the regulatory environment is worsening.
The State Council will submit a draft document to the standing committee of the National People's Congress, the legislature, according to Saturday's statement. If approved, the State Council will be allowed to suspend some laws on foreign investment, Sino-foreign joint ventures and co-operative enterprises in the free trade areas, it said.
The statement did not give a time frame or additional details about the changes, which will apply to the proposed zone in Shanghai and any potential new ones.
While the State Council and Chinese media use the term "free-trade zone", the meaning is more akin to a free-market zone subject to less regulation and interference rather than a duty-free trade area.
The State Council said on July 3 it approved a pilot program to set up the country's first free-trade zone in Shanghai, describing it as an important move to adapt to global economic and trade developments and further open up the economy.
Shanghai mayor Yang Xiong said last month the city would accelerate the building of the trial zone in the second half of this year, including creating laws to regulate it, the Shanghai Daily reported on July 14.
One part of the plan includes ending a 13-year ban on the manufacturing and sale of video-game consoles in China, on the condition that companies such as Sony and Nintendo make their products in the new Shanghai area, the South China Morning Post reported on July 10, citing unidentified sources who have reviewed documents on the policies.
The Shanghai free trade zone will allow the city to explore investment and trade policy innovations and expand the opening of the services industry, an HSBC Holdings report said on July 4. Trials that involved financial reform including interest-rate liberalisation and full convertibility of the yuan were seen by the State Council as an "essential step towards upgrading China's economy", Hong Kong-based economist Qu Hongbin and Beijing-based Ma Xiaoping wrote.
China already has a financial zone in the Qianhai district of the southern city of Shenzhen, which borders Hong Kong. It was created in 2010 and the government said in June 2012 it would make Qianhai a testing ground for freer yuan usage and capital account convertibility.
Other Chinese cities have expressed interest in creating free-trade areas. The southern province of Guangdong wants one in its Nansha New Area, the Shanghai Securities News reported on July 25, citing a statement from the Guangdong government. Tianjin, a port city about 162 kilometres south-east of Beijing, submitted a plan to the commerce ministry last month, according to a July 10 report in the 21st Century Business Herald.
Xiamen, in south-eastern Fujian province, is also seeking such a zone, the official Xinhua News Agency has reported.Bloomberg