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Funke Kupper joins ASX in ushering in a new era

Elmer Funke Kupper didn't slide behind the big desk at the ASX yesterday on his first day as chief executive. The outgoing CEO, Robert Elstone, doesn't depart until today. But the former Tabcorp boss was in the ASX's Bridge Street building holding meetings. He's hot to trot: he knows he and the ASX are at a crucial junction.

Elmer Funke Kupper didn't slide behind the big desk at the ASX yesterday on his first day as chief executive. The outgoing CEO, Robert Elstone, doesn't depart until today. But the former Tabcorp boss was in the ASX's Bridge Street building holding meetings. He's hot to trot: he knows he and the ASX are at a crucial junction.

The exchange's first attempt at a big international merger has come to nothing, and in the next year or so Funke Kupper must find an alternative, or alternatives. Funke Kupper will know that the ASX is not stranded after the collapse of the Singapore Exchange's $8 billion takeover attempt in April. The Toronto exchange is the obvious next port of call.

The ASX is also about to lose its trading monopoly in this country. Nomura-owned Chi-X will begin trading six blue chip stocks - BHP Billiton, CSL, Leighton, Origin Energy, QBE and Woolworths - at the end of this month. More stocks will follow on the Chi-X platform, and more exchange operators will follow Chi-X. The ASX is not powerless to withstand that onslaught either.

It's one of the most efficient exchanges in the world, vertically integrated because it clears and settles its trades, and as exchanges go, it is a reciprocating engine. When shares are on the nose, investors move towards bonds, and the big ones use derivatives to do so. And since its 2006 merger with the Sydney Futures Exchange, ASX has had a foot in both asset classes.

Cash market revenue in the ASX's year to June 30, for example, fell by 11.2 per cent, or $16.9 million, to $133.9 million after ASX halved trade execution fees ahead of the arrival of Chi-X, and as equity market values dipped. But derivatives market revenue rose by 16.5 per cent, or $24.4 million, to $172.2 million, and group revenue rose by 5 per cent, to $617.6 million.

ASX is installing new systems to maintain its position as a relatively low-cost platform that retains only about 5? for every $1000 of value that is traded, cleared and settled. It's an essential upgrade as competition arrives here for the first time, but one of Funke Kupper's early jobs will be to defuse customer tension about the pace of change.

The group's big customers, the investment banks notably, will tell him they are being stretched as ASX introduces new systems including PureMatch, an order routing system that will find the best quote for users, and as it moves its co-location facility that hosts investment bank and broker systems that dovetail with the ASX platform from cramped quarters in Bondi Junction to more spacious ones in Gore Hill.

There's a sense among the big users that the exchange is moving to its own timetable, in an unforgiving and even arrogant way. That's not the face the group wants to present as it loses its monopoly and enters an era where it is competing for trades and everything that flows from them, including primary listings: Funke Kupper needs to adopt a more collaborative approach.

The technology that is being installed is one of the keys to ASX's future. Revenue from equity transactions now accounts for only about 6 per cent of ASX's total revenue, and it is that relatively small slice that is being attacked by Chi-X.

And while PureMatch will actually stream trades away from ASX and towards Chi-X if the best quote is located on the Chi-X platform, traders will pay ASX a monthly fee to access the PureMatch system. ASX wants to be a pay gateway to trades, wherever they occur, and unless it is stripped of its monopoly over clearing and trading, it will also continue to book income on those legs of the deal.

The Treasurer, Wayne Swan, ordered an inquiry into the clearing and settlement system after blocking the Singapore Exchange takeover. But it should not result in ASX losing its role as the market clearer: there are significant economies of scale from the single operation that reduce transaction costs for users as well as ASX, and the joint Treasury, Australian Prudential Regulation Authority, Australian Securities and Investments Commission and Reserve Bank committee that is investigating has not been told to consider ownership.

Funke Kupper will be keen to keep plans to create a retail Commonwealth bond market on track. The government announced in December it would create the market, and it is working on tenders for the operation of a bond registry, and the provision of the retail market.

This is an overdue move. Commonwealth bonds would have been an ideal retail investment alternative this year as shares tanked. One irony is that the introduction of competitors to ASX has slowed the process by requiring tenders. ASX is a shoo-in to get the job, however, because Chi-X only wants to trade shares. If markets remain volatile Commonwealth bond trading will be a success when it debuts.

The new CEO's longer-term job is to find ASX a partner. And despite assertions that ASX has been stranded by the scuttling of the Singapore Exchange takeover, Funke Kupper will still be bringing a decent dowry to the table: the ASX is efficient, supported by investment flows from Australia's superannuation system, astride both the equities and derivatives sectors, and in Asia's time zone.

There's no other exchange that offers that combination, and after the collapse of the London Stock Exchange's merger with Canada's Toronto exchange this year, Toronto is the obvious choice. A merger or alliance would create a mega-resources exchange that crossed time zones and fed into Asia's capital markets by virtue of the trade connections of the companies it hosted. A tie-in with the LSE could follow.

mmaiden@theage.com.au


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